How Dry Is It?

imgres

It’s so dry farmers need drought-resistant crops!

How dry is it?

It’s so dry, the fish have ticks.

It’s so dry, the swimming pool has closed two lanes.

It’s so dry, the fire hydrants are chasing the dogs around.

Those are some of the jokes zipping around the Internet, in response to the dreadful drought of 2012. More than half of the United States is now suffering through drought conditions, according to the U.S. Drought Monitor. Only the droughts of 1934, 1939, and 1954 spread across larger areas.

So here’s another line to remember: It’s so dry, farmers need drought-resistant crops.

Every plant requires water to grow, but some plants survive with less. The cactus flourishes in hot and dry climates because it has adapted to them, conserving water like a precious resource.

Genetic modification won’t ever allow us to turn desert into farmland, and the worst droughts will continue to inflict a terrible price on agriculture. Yet biotechnology gives us a tool for pushing back. Just as it has helped farmers fight weeds and pests, it can help them battle dry spells too.

The goal is to grow more food with less water. Here’s the rhyming slogan: We need more crop per drop!  Biotechnology has helped us move in this direction.  Drought resistant crops will help us move even further towards that goal.

For four decades, researchers have tried to breed plants that resist drought. Traditional methods are slow and difficult. At best, they’ve shown mixed results. The bar is very high.

Biotechnology has changed all that. Just as Olympic pole vaulters soar over heights that high jumpers won’t ever reach, biotechnology lets 21st-century researchers leap over daunting challenges in ways that their predecessors barely could have imagined.

Now we’re on the verge of another breakthrough. Next year, farmers will have widespread access to a type of GM corn that’s built for dry weather. It should generate plenty of interest. According to one estimate, 40 percent of crop losses are a direct result of drought. Moreover, the Department of Agriculture says that this year’s drought affects 88 percent of America’s corn crop.

A new report from North Dakota State University points to the promise: “Early results indicated that drought-tolerant corn could potentially improve yields by 8 to 22 percent (15 percent average) under drought stress,” write Sumadhur Shakya, William W. Wilson, and Bruce Dahl.

That wouldn’t be enough to save this year’s most devastated farmers in places like Kansas, Missouri, and Illinois–states where the drought has dealt a brutal blow–but it’s enough to make a difference on the margins. A lot of farmers would have been better off this year if they had enjoyed access to drought-resistant corn.

The same goes for consumers: The drought will push up their food prices, which means that biotechnology is a tool for keeping bills in check.

To a certain extent, it’s already helping. Because biotechnology beats back weeds, farmers are tilling their soil less. Tilled soil loses moisture; limited tillage conserves it. As a result, biotechnology probably has mitigated the effects of this year’s drought, even if we don’t fully appreciate it.

After corn, the next big step for drought resistance is wheat. In Australia, research indicates that GM wheat could boost yields by 20 percent during drought conditions as compared to non-GM wheat. Commercial access is still years away, but it’s on the horizon.

Unfortunately, the enemies of biotechnology never sleep. A decade ago, their scare tactics persuaded several seed companies to halt their research into GM wheat. Except for this work stoppage, we’d possibly have GM wheat right now, helping us withstand the drought of 2012.

Now these professional protestors have turned to new strategies. In California, they’re trying to pass a ballot initiative that would require a special label for any food product that carries a biotech ingredient, as if it poses a health hazard–which it absolutely does not. Their scheme is to create consumer pressure in opposition to a technique that will provide relief to farmers in severe conditions and also keep down food costs for consumers.

How dry is it?

It’s so dry, this is no laughing matter.

Terry Wanzek is a wheat, corn and soybean farmer in North Dakota.  He serves as a ND State Senator and volunteers as a board member for Truth About Trade & Technology. www.truthabouttrade.org

Drought resistant crops can help with food security.

View Results

Loading ... Loading ...
Related Posts Plugin for WordPress, Blogger...

Comments

comments

Terry Wanzek

Terry Wanzek is a fourth generation North Dakota farmer. In partnership with his parents and brother, Terry and his family raise spring wheat, corn, soybeans, barley, dry edible beans and sunflowers on 11,000 acres. A ND State seed certified processing plant and 150 head beef cow herd are part of their operation. Terry was elected to the North Dakota House of Representatives in 1992 and became a member of the North Dakota Senate, serving from 1994 to 2002. While Chairman of the ND Senate Ag Committee, he led ND ag policy, was instrumental in defeating a proposed ND moratorium on biotech wheat and led a study on biotechnology and renewable fuels. He was re-elected to the State Senate again in 2006 and is vice chair of the Senate Agriculture Committee, vice chair of the Senate Industry Business & Labor Committee, and serves on the Workforce Safety & Review Committee. Currently, Terry serves on the National Association of Wheat Growers Budget Committee and the Nodak Mutual Insurance Company. He also served as a gubernatorial appointee to the ND Legislative Compensation Committee. Terry is a former Farm Bureau county president as well as past county president of the Stutsman County Ag Improvement Association and past president of the North Dakota Grain Growers Association. He is also a founding member of the Growers for Biotechnology organization. Terry graduated from Jamestown College with a degree in Business Administration and Accounting. He is also a graduate of the Texas A&M TEPAP (The Executive Program for Agricultural Producers) program.

Top
%d bloggers like this: